9 Common Spiders In Canada (With Pictures)



1. Wolf Spider

Wolf spiders belong to the family Lycosidae. Wolf spiders usually are brown, gray, black, or tan with dark marks. Wolf spiders feed on insects and other vertebrates, and big females may eat tiny vertebrates.

Wolf spiders can reach approximately 1/4th to 1 3/8th of an inch, and some last for up to 2 years. They are commonly located on rocky, cold mountain tops. Others reside inside volcanic lava tubs. Wolf spider venom, however, they’re not poisonous.



2. Cellar Spider

The term “loot” is often used to refer to the cellar spiders (Family Pholcidae) as daddy-longlegs because they do have long, slim legs. They have oval-shaped bodies that vary in color from light yellowish to pale gray or brown.

Cellar spiders eat bugs and other spiders, especially attracted to eating insects. Cellar spiders have a body size of 2 millimeters, with their front legs around 8.5 millimeters long. They are also cellar spiders who are estimated to live for two years.

Outside, cellar spiders are typically found in protected areas like caves or rock piles. Studies have shown that these spiders possess low levels of poison.



3. Black Widow

Latrodectus is a widespread family of spiders that includes a variety of species that, when taken together, are often referred to as true widows. They can be identified by their distinctive red hourglass-shaped shape on their abdomens’ undersides.

An adult widow needs to be fed for weeks or maybe once per month. This includes caterpillars, ants, grasshoppers, beetles, scorpions, and cockroaches. The female black widow measures about 1.5 inches in length, and they have a life span is between 1 and 3 years.

Black Widow spiders prefer to build their nests near the ground in areas of darkness and peace. Black widows release venom, which affects the nervous system.

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4. Trapdoor Spider

Trapdoor spider or any other member of the family of spiders Ctenizidae and some members of families Antrodiaetidae. Trapdoor spiders are yellowish-brown, reddish-brown, and black in hue.

They are found near rivers, in which they capture and consume small fish and other insects. The Trapdoor spider is about 2.5 centimeters on average, and their 1-to-3 years of life span is between 5 and 20 years.

Trapdoor spiders reside in caves made of silk that are underground. Trapdoor spider venom is non-toxic to humans.



5. European Garden Spider

It is known as the Cross Spider, or Garden Spider, a common orb-weaver spider, found in Western Europe. European garden spiders are spotted with streaks of mottled marks across their back adorned with five or more white dots that form the shape of a cross.

Garden spiders consume insects, including many commonly found pests, such as wasps and mosquitoes. Adult females vary in size between 6.5 to 20 millimeters.

The garden spider can live for approximately one year. They are common throughout Europe and North America, and they aren’t poisonous.



6. Running Crab Spider

Running crabs are hunter species that reside on the trunks and branches of trees or within plants. Philodromus is, commonly referred to as a running crab spider, is a genus of crab spiders. Crab spiders feed on insects that fall near the place they have hidden.

The body’s length can be upwards of 3/4 inches. The spiders are wandering hunters who reside on the trunks and branches of trees. Running Crab Spiders don’t spin silk webs to capture insects.

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7. Daring Jumping Spider

It is usually known as the daring jumping spider or the bold jumping spider. It is often black, but occasionally brown, tan, or gray, but typically with light markings. The adult size ranges from about 13-20 millimeters, and the life span of daring leaping spiders ranges from one to two years.

The prairies, grasslands, or open forests are all-natural habitats for bold jumping spiders. The spiders that dare to jump are not aggressive, and they do not pose a risk to humans.



8. Furrow Spider

The furrow spider, the furrow orb spider, also known as the foliate spider, is an orb-weaver that has Holarctic distribution. They have long legs with an oval-shaped abdomen that is bulbous.

They are commonly found in brownish yellow and black, grayish-yellow, and reddish colors. Furrow spiders capture all kinds of flying insects like damselflies, mosquitoes and gnats, moths, and other species.

Females mature to 12mm, and the male below measures 10mm. They can live for about a year. The spiders are prevalent on human-made structures, particularly under porches and eaves. They use poison to incapacitate their prey.



9. Banana Spider

Banana spiders are giant spiders found across the southeast United States. The name Banana spiders come because of the bright yellow bands visible on females’ legs.

Banana spiders typically feed on insects, including flies, moths, and dragonflies. They also eat butterflies, moths, grasshoppers, and dragonflies. The female’s body banana spider can be up to 2 inches, with a five-inch length.

Males can live for between two and three weeks. Banana spiders favor warm environments, and their venom can harm the nervous system.

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